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Sepsis, also known as blood poisoning, is the immune system’s overreaction to an infection or injury. Normally our immune system fights infection very well – but sometimes, for reasons unknown, it attacks our body’s own organs and tissues. If not treated rapidly it can result in organ failure and death, however with early diagnosis, it can be treated with antibiotics.
Sepsis symptoms in babies and children
Go straight to A&E or call 999 if your child has any of these symptoms:
- looks mottled, bluish or pale
- is very lethargic or difficult to wake
- feels abnormally cold to touch
- is breathing very fast
- has a rash that does not fade when you press it
- has a fit or convulsion
Get medical advice urgently from NHS 111
If your child has any of the symptoms listed below, is getting worse or is sicker than you’d expect (even if their temperature falls), trust your instincts and seek medical advice urgently from NHS 111.
- a temperature over 38C in babies under 3 months
- a temperature over 39C in babies aged 3 to 6 months
- any high temperature in a child who cannot be encouraged to show interest in anything
- a low temperature (below 36C – check 3 times in a 10-minute period)
- finding it much harder to breathe than normal – looks like hard work
- making “grunting” noises with every breath
- cannot say more than a few words at once (for older children who normally talk)
- breathing that obviously “pauses”
- not had a wee or wet nappy for 12 hours
Eating and drinking
- new baby under 1 month old with no interest in feeding
- not drinking for more than 8 hours (when awake)
- bile-stained (green), bloody or black vomit/sick
Activity and body
- soft spot on a baby’s head is bulging
- eyes look “sunken”
- child cannot be encouraged to show interest in anything
- baby is floppy
- weak, “whining” or continuous crying in a younger child
- older child who’s confused
- not responding or very irritable
- stiff neck, especially when trying to look up and down
Sepsis symptoms in older children and adults
Early symptoms of sepsis may include:
- a high temperature or a low body temperature
- chills and shivering
- a fast heartbeat
- problems or changes to your breathing
- feeling or acting differently from normal – you do not seem your usual self
Many of the symptoms of sepsis are also associated with meningitis.
The first symptoms of meningitis are often fever, vomiting, a headache and feeling unwell.
In some cases, symptoms of more severe sepsis or septic shock, when your blood pressure drops to a dangerously low level, develop soon after.
These can include:
- feeling dizzy or faint
- a change in mental state, such as confusion or disorientation
- nausea and vomiting
- slurred speech
- severe muscle pain
- severe breathlessness
- less urine production than normal – for example, not urinating for a day
- cold, clammy and pale or mottled skin
- loss of consciousness
When to get medical help
Seek medical advice urgently from NHS 111 if you have recently had an infection or injury and have possible early signs of sepsis.
If sepsis is suspected, you’ll usually be referred to hospital for further diagnosis and treatment.
Severe sepsis and septic shock are medical emergencies. If you think you or someone in your care has one of these conditions, go straight to A&E or call 999.
Tests to diagnose sepsis
Sepsis is often diagnosed based on simple measurements such as your temperature, heart rate and breathing rate. You may need to have a blood test.
Other tests can help determine the type of infection, where it’s located and which body functions have been affected.
- urine or stool samples
- a small sample of tissue, skin or fluid being taken from the affected area for testing (a wound culture)
- taking a sample of saliva, phlegm or mucus (respiratory secretion testing)
- blood pressure tests
- imaging studies, such as an X-ray, ultrasound scan or CT scan
Treatments for sepsis
If sepsis is detected early and has not affected vital organs yet, it may be possible to treat the infection at home with antibiotics.
Most people who have sepsis detected at this stage make a full recovery.
Almost all people with severe sepsis and septic shock require admission to hospital. Some people may require admission to an intensive care unit (ICU).
Because of problems with vital organs, people with severe sepsis are likely to be very ill and the condition can be fatal.
But sepsis is treatable if it’s identified and treated quickly, and in most cases leads to a full recovery with no lasting problems.
Recovering from sepsis
Some people make a full recovery fairly quickly.
The amount of time it takes to fully recover from sepsis varies, depending on:
- the severity of the sepsis
- the person’s overall health
- how much time was spent in hospital
- whether treatment was needed in an ICU
Some people experience long-term physical or psychological problems during their recovery period, such as:
- feeling lethargic or excessively tired
- muscle weakness
- swollen limbs or joint pain
- chest pain or breathlessness
These long-term problems are known as post-sepsis syndrome. Not everyone experiences these problems.
Who’s at risk
There are around 250,000 cases of sepsis a year in the UK according to the UK Sepsis Trust . At least 46,000 people die every year as a result of the condition.
Anyone can develop sepsis after an injury or minor infection, although some people are more at risk of sepsis.
- babies and elderly people
- people who are frail or have a weakened immune system
- people who have recently had surgery or a serious illness
Sepsis, septicaemia and blood poisoning
Although sepsis is often referred to as either blood poisoning or septicaemia, these terms refer to the invasion of bacteria into the bloodstream.
Sepsis can affect multiple organs or the entire body, even without blood poisoning or septicaemia.
Sepsis can also be caused by viral or fungal infections, although bacterial infections are by far the most common cause.
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Information provided by NHS.UK
RTC Medical Solutions Ltd is committed to providing excellent care and support. We also like to help out NHS where possible, so we are now preparing our 4×4 fleet for all eventualities… just in case. We will be I=on hand across the winter period to offer 4×4 support where necessary. If you are aware of anyone requiring this service, let them know we are here to help.
With our commitment to patient care we have put 2 of our 4×4 response vehicles on standby to assist with NHS transport and travel pressures. We have offered this service to ensure both patients and staff are able to get to and from hospitals. Fingers crossed the cold spell won’t last much longer. Stay warm out there…!
Happy 2019 to everyone from entire team at RTC Medical Solutions
Following a hugely successful few years providing Chester 7’s Event Medical Cover, it is now bigger, better and even more fun than ever.
This year the event will host over 3000 players of Rugby, Netball and Hockey and not forgetting the party people! Tom King and his team who organise this amazing event promise great bands and club DJ’s with top food and drinks outlets over the weekend.
So, if you’re looking for something other than the world cup for your sporting fix, Chester 7’s has it all. Bring the family and have a great day out. We are providing top level medical cover (as always) and our treatment centre will be on site from Friday evening right through until Sunday.
For more information click on the link for the Chester 7’s.
High Blood Pressure – The Silent Killer
Do you know why high blood pressure is known as “The Silent Killer”?
High blood pressure is said to effect approximately 25% of the population of England and is one of the biggest causes of premature death and disability. The scariest fact is that you would most probably experience no symptoms at all, so having your blood pressure tested regularly can help spot the silent symptoms early. Having high blood pressure in your family history doesn’t necessarily mean you cannot stop developing high blood pressure. Although you are more at risk, maintaining healthy eating and exercising regularly will reduce your risk!
So you have high blood pressure… this doesn’t mean you are now committed to a lifetime of medications. Simple changes to your lifestyle can help significantly lower your blood pressure without the need for medication. But, be careful… cutting down on extra salt alone will not work alone as 75% of the salt we consume is hidden in processed foods.
Obesity, “is just being a bit overweight right?” Wrong!
Obesity affects 25% of the population in England. Males are three times more likely to develop high blood pressure and unfortunately ladies, you are four times more likely!
“I had my blood pressure checked 10 years ago and it was OK then”.
Blood pressure testing should be checked at a minimum every 5 years. However, people at risk – such as African or Caribbean decedents, older people or people who are overweight or obese – should be checked more frequently. Blood pressures can be checked free of charge at some pharmacies, GP surgeries and some Private Ambulance providers offer this service. You can also buy relatively inexpensive machines to use at home.
So stay smart, stay healthy and get your blood pressure checked regularly.
Click here to take the blood pressure quiz.
TV & Film Production Medical Consultancy Services
RTC Medical Solutions Ltd is your primary provider for all of your TV & Film Production Medical Services. All of our vehicles are equipped to NHS standards for that authentic look, coupled with our NHS trained Paramedics, we can bring that special touch to your set.
We also offer a Paramedic and/or Ambulance consultancy service to ensure your production is as realistic as possible. Our Paramedic consultants are either trained by or current NHS frontline Paramedics and registered with the HCPC.
To contact us for more information on the services we can offer please click here
Being a Staffordshire based service we have decided to bring a little bit of nostalgia back to the county. Our Patient Transport Service and High Dependency Units have had a bit of a facelift and have been given a good old Staffordshire Ambulance colours makeover.
RTC Medical Solutions has no connection with the West Midlands Ambulance Service but we are an independent national ambulance provider. Some of our services include:
- Patient Transport
- Airside Repatriation
- Event Medical Cover
- Event Medical Consultancy
- CQC Reistration Consultancy
- First Aid Training Services
Click here for more information on our services.
Pictures of Staffordshire’s original Ambulance Service vehicles can be viewed by clicking here.
Our Event Medical Treatment Centre is back after a complete overhaul and finally good to go again.
- Interior LED lighting
- Exterior LED Scene lighting
- Completely self contained
- Hot running water
- Fully Advanced Life Support capable
- Minors and Majors treatment areas
- Disabled access
We’re very lucky to have this amazing treatment centre and you could also have it at your event too. Contact us now for booking information.
Click here to contact us now for more information
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RTC Medical Solutions
Nationwide Event Medical Cover
First Aid Training
Patient Transport Services
Registered in England & Wales No 10105012
Tel: 01782 776110
Mob: 07715 548867 (24hr)